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Howard Carter (1874-1939)

Howard Carter is world’s most famous and noted archaeologist. He was born on 9th may 1874. He has become so famous everywhere because of his discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamen, Egypt’s most popular king. He was born as the son of Samuel Carter in London. It was his father who trained him to help flourish as an artist. He spent his childhood days in market town of Norfolk.

1891 was the year of turning point in life of Carter. He was sent out of to help in excavation work carried out by Percy Newberry in Beni Hasan. Those explorations were aimed at exploring tombs of middle kingdom. Even though he was just 17 years old at that time, his enthusiasm and creativity in excavation work and depicting those tomb decorations as it is on canvass attracted and impressed everyone. That helped him to grow further in this field.

In 1899, there was yet another important event in the life of Howard Carter. That year he became the chief inspector of EAS. EAS stands for Egyptian Antiquities Service. While serving as inspector here, he made e a large number of discoveries. Some of those discoveries are so great and important that they hold historical importance, almost incomparable to any other discovery which has been made anywhere else in world. He served there for five years and during that year, he made several expeditions in excavating tombs at there. In 1904, he got transfer and appointed as the inspectorate of Lower Egypt province.

His first three years here were very tough and hard. After three strenuous years, he got another responsibility. In 1907, he was appointed to assist excavations conducted by Lord Carnarvon. Earlier Carnarvon was using very old and obsolete methods in his excavations, but it was Carter who introduced modern techniques in excavation and made it an easy process.

In the year 1914, Carter got financial assistance to work in the kings’ valley, but that work didn’t continue for long. It was the time when First World War was going on. So this excavation work was abruptly stopped in 1917 due to reasons related to world war and many other problems. At the same time, Carnarvon was also disappointed at the futility of this excavation. So he decided to stop financial assistance, but before stopping it, he gave a final chance to Carter in 1922. It was the question of do or die for carter. He had already undergone several disappointments and couldn’t afford one more this time.

His luck didn’t give out this time. They discovered first traces of the much sought after tomb on November 4th, 1922. They found several steps in soil. All those steps directly led to the heart of Tutankhamen’s tomb. This tomb is undoubtedly world’s best and most favourite tomb discovered in Egypt. After some more formalities that were to be completed, finally on 16th February 1923, the sealed doorway was opened by Carter. That doorway directly led to the burial chamber of world’s most celebrated king, Tutankhamen. And thus Carter became world famous for this discovery.

Carter breathed his last on March 2nd, 1939, when he was 64 year old. A very young age indeed to die for a man who is famous for discovering old things!

The hidden secret- King Tutankhamen tomb:

King Tutankhamen was the young one who came to throne after his father Akhenaton at the end of the 18th dynasty. At his nine year short rule he restored Thebes like the capital and began the return of worship of amon. Egyptologists were not given so much interest in searching his tomb because they think it will contain poor material. During this time it was assumed that the valleys of kings have given all the tombs. Lord Carnarvon thought differently and was satisfied that there was an intact tomb. In the carnarvon`s team Howard carter headed and worked efficiently. More or less up to 200,000 tons of rubble was cleared and Howard carter was compelled to approve that there were no tombs to be seen in the king’s valley. The final remote possibility, the place instantly beneath the ramses VI tomb.

This tomb was covered with huts of worker-men’s and Howard carter had remove them with his men. In the year 1922, tomb doorway was identified at the bottom of certain steps. The seals seem to be intact and team head was informed when preparation were created to open the tomb. The tomb was little but filled with statutes, furniture’s, wealth of treasures and jewellery which were meant to be availed by the king in the after life. He spent more than 10 years identifying the contents and noted 171 objects in the first room. In the tomb chamber, he saw a solid wall of gold. It was big gold glided shrine. In the centre, there was three mummy coffins and stone sarcophagus. The mummy was also covered in bracelets, gold objects, collars, and chains, necklaces of valuable stones, gold beads, and garland of flowers. The remaining treasures are now exhibited in the Cairo Egyptian museum.

Howard Carter biography and photo